Dysphania

 (Chenopodium)
 

Chenopodiaceae

The World Botanical Associates Web Page
Prepared by Richard W. Spjut
November 2007


Dysphania graveolens
Burned forest area in
Apache-Sitgreaves NF, AZ
Spjut 16158, Oct 2007

Nomenclature according to Clemants and Mosyakin in FNA. Plants green in flower, turning red in fruit, strongly sweet scented.  Plant reportedly used medicinally in Mexico, under the name of Chenopodium incisum.  In Wiggins Baja California Flora treated as Ch. incisum var. neomexicanum.

 

 

Monzote L.,A. M.  Montalvo, R. Scull, M. Miranda and J. Abreu. 2007. Combined effect of the essential oil from Chenopodium ambrosioides and antileishmanial drugs on promastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo: 49(4): 25760. To date, there are no vaccines against Leishmania, and chemotherapy remains the mainstay for the control of leishmaniasis. The drugs of choice used for leishmaniasis therapy are significantly toxic, expensive and with a growing frequency of refractory infections. Because of these limitations, a combination therapy is the better hope. This work demonstrates that the essential oil from Chenopodium ambrosioides shows a synergic activity after incubation in conjunction with pentamidine against promastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis. However, an indifferent effect has been found for combinations of meglumine antimoniate or amphotericin B and the essential oil.