©The World Botanical Associates Web Page
Prepared by Richard W. Spjut
October 2006

Ipomoea alba
 HI: Oahu
Spjut & Marin 15639, Oct 2003


Species with antitumor activity

Ipomoea cissoides

Ipomoea stolonifera

Ipomoea indica
CA: Cultivated—Bakersfield, Spjut 16034, Sep 2006.  Sold under the name of Ipomoea acuminata, which is treated as a synonym of I. indica (see Austin and Huaman in Taxon 45: 3-38, 1996).  This is a perennial species similar to I. tricolor, which is known for its hallucinogenic seeds; however, the cultivar shown above (I. indica) does not seem to produce seed in cultivation (which suggests it may be a hybrid derivative); it is, nevertheless, aggressive in spreading and rooting, and upon prolonged contact with the plant, one may get a minor rash.  Hortus Third (Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium 1976) describes this species (under the synonym I. acuminata) to have relatively large flowers (up to 5 inches long), in contrast to smaller flowers in related species such as I. hederacea and I. nil (flowers up to 2 inches long) that also differ by their annual growth.  Identification is further based on a taxonomic key in Henri Alain Liogier, Descriptive Flora of Puerto Rico
and Adjacent Islands Vol. IV (1995).  Ipomoea indica is distinguished by the greenish long tapered sepals.  Ipomoea tricolor differs in having a white scarious margined sepals, while another related species, I. purpurea, is distinguished by the colored band on each of its petals and also by its annual growth.

Ipelearoside, active in WA, was reportedly isolated by Dhar from a sample of this species (Hartwell 1976).

Cao S., R. C. Guza, J. H. Wisse, J. S. Miller, R. Evans and D. G. Kingston. 2005.   Ipomoeassins A-E, cytotoxic macrocyclic glycoresins from the leaves of Ipomoea squamosa from the Suriname rainforest.  J. Nat. Prod. 68: 487–492.The new glycoresins, ipomoeassins A-E (1-5), have been isolated from the leaves of Ipomoea squamosa. The structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses and chemical transformations. The absolute configurations of C-5 (ipomoeassins 3-5) and C-11 (ipomoeassins 1 and 2) were determined by their derivatives with (R)- and (S)-MPA. All the isolates were active in the A2780 human ovarian cancer cell line assay, and 4 showed the highest activity with an IC(50) value of 35 nM.”