Taxus baccata var. ericoides

©The World Botanical Associates Web Page
Prepared by Richard W. Spjut
April 2003

16e.Taxus baccata var. ericoides Carrière (Figs. 136–137), Traité gén. conif. 519. 1855. Taxus baccata (f.) ericoides Beissner, Handb. Nandelholzk. 175. 1891. Original material and origin unknown.  Neotype Proposed—Morocco: Ifrane 1700 m, Davis 49209 at BM! (with male cones, leaves on abaxial surface with 9 stomata rows/band, border of 5 marginal smooth cells, partly papillose midrib).

Taxus baccata (var.) mitchelii. Carrière, Traité gén. conif. 518. 1855.  Original material unknown, reported by Carrière to be similar to var. monstruosa or to a pygmy yew; described by den Ouden & Boom (1965) to have horizontal, sometimes ascending branches.  Carrière (1867) treated it as a synonym of var. ericoides.  Type undetermined.

Taxus baccata (var.) miniata Carrière, Traité gén. conif. 736. 1867. Described as a small shrub with leaves sparse, linear, attenuate, and mucronate.  Raised at Jardin des Plantes, Paris (den Ouden & Boom 1965). Original herbarium material and origin unknown, type undetermined.

Taxus baccata var. microphylla Jacques ex Carrière, Traité gén. conif. 520. 1855. Original material unknown, type undetermined.

Morocco yew. Distribution: Morocco.

Apparently shrubs—with fastigiate, yellowish orange branchlets; persistent bud-scales conspicuous by their reddish brown color in contrast to the yellowish color of young branchlets; leaves radially disposed, pale green, oblong, ca. 1.5 cm long, 1.5–2 mm wide, obtuse, apiculate. Male cones maturing near apex of branchlets in subglobose aggregates; females cones unknown.

Var. ericoides is recognized only from the type. In horticulture, the name has been applied to plants with a “dwarf” habit having relatively small “ericoid” leaves.  A specimen at Kew, Murray 135 in adnot. T. baccata ericoides from Masters, is perhaps indicative of  this variety in horticulture, but I regard this as belonging to  T. fastigiata var. nana.